Ancient Philosophy: Aristotle and His Successors

University of Pennsylvania

Embark on a journey tracing the origins of Western philosophy in Ancient Greece. This course delves into the fundamental questions of philosophy and the development of philosophical systems by notable thinkers such as Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, and Stoics in the Hellenistic period.

Uncover the distinctions between philosophy, science, and religion while studying the major doctrines and ideas that have shaped philosophical discourse for centuries.

  • Gain insights into the Presocratic natural philosophers and their bold proposals about the ultimate constituents of reality.
  • Explore the ethical questions posed by Socrates and the elaborate philosophical systems developed by Plato and Aristotle.
  • Examine the transformation of philosophical traditions by Epicureans and Stoics during the Hellenistic period.

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Ancient Philosophy: Aristotle and His Successors
Course Modules

Embark on a comprehensive exploration of Ancient Philosophy, covering Aristotle’s Categories, Natural Philosophy, Ethics, Epicureanism, and Stoicism. Delve into the major doctrines and ideas that have shaped philosophical discourse for centuries.

Aristotle’s Categories

Uncover Aristotle's Categories, exploring the subjects and predicates, universals and particulars, and the nature of substance and change. Delve into the fundamental concepts that underpin Aristotle's philosophical framework.

Aristotle's Natural Philosophy

Explore Aristotle's Natural Philosophy, delving into matter, form, change, natural teleology, and the concept of soul as a cause. Gain insights into Aristotle's views on the nature and causes in the natural world.

Aristotle's Ethics

Dive into Aristotle's Ethics, examining the eternity of motion, the first mover of the cosmos, the goal of life, and the concept of happiness and living well. Explore Aristotle's ethical framework and the virtues of character.


Delve into Epicureanism, studying the philosophical views of Epicurus on nature, the gods, pleasure, pain, and the pursuit of a tranquil life. Explore the core tenets of Epicurean philosophy and its approach to living a fulfilling life.


Discover Stoicism, examining the Stoic perspective on nature, fate, human action, and the concept of a good flow of life. Gain insights into the ethical and natural philosophical aspects of Stoic philosophy.

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