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Course

Fuels Refractory and Furnaces

Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur

Course outline:

  • Conventional and newer sources of energy, Characterization of fuels: Analysis and calorific value with problems, Principles of conversion of fuels: Carbonization, Gasification and Hydrogenation, Principles of fuel combustion and Numerical problems.
  • Classification of refractories and their service properties, Manufacture of common refractory like silica, alumina, fireclay, dolomite, magnesite.
  • Types of furnaces and their role in high temperature applications, Fluid flow in furnaces: macroscopic energy balance and its application to Design of chimney and flow measuring devices.
  • Heat transfer in furnaces: Conduction, convection and radiation with suitable examples to design refractory lining, and heating of load through flame and convection.
  • Flame temperature and heat utilization; concept of available heat and fuel consumption, Principles of waste heat recovery and design of heat exchangers and burners, Heat balance diagrams with illustrations, Fuel economy in industrial furnaces, Oxygen addition to combustion process, Energy efficient operation of furnaces with illustrations, Instrumentation and control in furnaces Concept of carbon credit (carbon-offset) and its relation with energy efficiency.

Course topics:

  1. Conventional and newer sources of energy
  2. Characterization of fuels: Analysis and calorific value with problems
  3. Principles of conversion of fuels: Carbonization, Gasification and Hydrogenation
  4. Principles of fuel combustion and Numerical problems
  5. Classification of refractories and their service properties
  6. Manufacture of common refractory like silica, alumina, fireclay, dolomite, magnesite
  7. Types of furnaces and their role in high temperature applications
  8. Fluid flow in furnaces: macroscopic energy balance and its application to Design of chimney and flow measuring devices
  9. Heat transfer in furnaces: Conduction, convection and radiation with suitable examples to design refractory lining, and heating of load through flame and convection
  10. Flame temperature and heat utilization; concept of available heat and fuel consumption
  11. Pinciples of waste heat recovery and design of heat exchangers and burners
  12. Heat balance diagrams with illustrations
  13. Fuel economy in industrial furnaces, Oxygen addition to combustion process, Energy efficient operation of furnaces with illustrations
  14. Instrumentation and control in furnaces
  15. Concept of carbon credit (carbon-offset) and its relation with energy efficiency
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